Deception & Surprise
Army Group North
Army Group Center
Army Group South
Battle of Smolensk
Battle of Kiev
Siege of Leningrad
Why Did Barbarossa Fail?
In the Media
The Road to Stalingrad
Lend Lease in Operation Barbarossa
British leader, Winston Churchill however, despite his previous anti-communism, was glad of a continental ally, famously saying "If Hitler invaded hell I would make at least a favourable reference to the devil in the House of Commons", and soon resolved to send aid to help his new ally. The first British aid convoy set off within weeks, and contained Hawker Hurricane aircraft as well as pilots and mechanics.
Meanwhile the United States, although it had not yet entered the war, had been supplying military and economic aid to Britain and other neutral and allied countries aid under the lend-lease program legislation since March 1941. The legislation had however been carefully drafted, so as to allow the possibility of supplying aid to the Soviet Union, and after after an initial period paid for gold, lend-lease aid to the Soviet Union began on October 1st 1941.
Aid was supplied to the USSR via three principle routes:
British supplies to the USSR during the war amounted to more than 4 million tons. They included more than 7,000 aircraft (including 3,000 Hurricanes), 5,000 tanks, 5000 anti-tank guns, and more than 15 million boots.
It should however be noted that while these supplies were massive, most of them arrived after 1941, and initially this material support was mainly symbolic. The effects of the West Allied supplies only began to be felt at the end of 1941, and they only become truly important in the later years of the war.
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